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Can I still spay or neuter my pet if it wasn’t done in early age?

Yes, It is still recommended for adult dogs and cats and even those in mature age to be spayed or neutered. Even though some of the health benefits and behavioral benefits will  not be as significant or might not be reduced at all on later age surgery; there are still many benefits of spaying and neutering at a later age.
  1. Pregnancy prevention: Dogs and cats do no go through a concrete menopause process, meaning even advanced aged pets can become pregnant.
  2. Over population: Over years, one intact female cat or dog and her offspring can produce thousands of homeless kittens and puppies. Many of these will end up in the streets or at shelters where they might be euthanize due to lack of space.  Help the people and pets in your community by having your cats and dogs spayed and neutered; be part of the solution!
  3. Health concerns: The risk of uterine infection (pyometra) is higher in median to advanced age females. Testicular and prostate cancers are also more common in advanced age. Intact male cats tend to get involved in territorial (for space and females) fights which can lead to severe injuries and infections.
  4. Surgery risk: Age is not necessarily in direct correlation with anesthesia/surgery risks. Meaning age does not necessarily means the pets is more at risk during a surgical procedure. However, with age the possibility of an underlying medical condition and comorbidity can increase. Median to advanced age animals can benefit of pre screening tests to look for potential underlying conditions that can increase the risk of surgical complications. WE recommend blood work at a full service veterinary clinic for any animals of 5 years of age.
  5. Financial benefits: Despite pregnancy and delivery being a natural process that most animals handle well on their own, complications can happen in dogs and cats. The need for a C-section is a real concern in many animals specially some that are bred with sub optimal anatomic structures (brachycephalic, tiny breeds, in breeding, mixed breeds, overweight animals, etc). The average current C-section cost in our area is above $2,000. Without this emergency procedure the fetuses as well as the mother can be at risk of death. Pyometra (infection of the uterus) is life threatening and requires emergency and complicated surgery and treatment. In many cases it can be fatal even when surgery is performed. The average cost of pyometra treatment is currently about $2,000 – $5,000. Let’s not forget the cost of unwanted litters, potential injuries from roaming pets, pain and cost of cancers, and the emotional toll of having to surrender your pet to shelters due to the inability of being able to care for them. 
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